To help explain what requires a tipping skip to be tested and where the responsibilities lie, we have pulled out some relevant references below from the various regulation documents that apply.
Every employer shall ensure that, where the safety of work equipment depends on the installation conditions, it is inspected:
- After installation and before being put into service for the first time, or
- After assembly at a new site or in a new location to ensure that is has been installed correctly and is safe to operate.
Every employer shall ensure that work equipment exposed to conditions causing deterioration which is liable to result in dangerous situations in inspected:
- At suitable intervals, and
- Each time that exceptional circumstances which are liable to jeopardise the safety of work equipment have occurred.
To ensure that health and safety conditions are maintained and that any deterioration can be detected and remedied in good time.
Under Regulation 9(3) employers choose whether to have a thorough examination of lifting equipment either at set intervals as specified in the regulation, or according to an examination scheme.
The competent person needs to examine thoroughly the parts of the equipment specified within the examination scheme these should include the parts that are subject to wear and tear, and deterioration and which could lead to dangerous situations.
Employers are required to produce:
- Either a written examination scheme, or
- A current examination report (if following a specified period approach to the carrying out of a thorough examination).
136 Where the risk assessment under Regulation 3 of the Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1992 has identified risk to the operator of other workers from the installation or use of the work equipment, a suitable inspection should be carried out.
141 The extent of the inspection required will depend on the potential risks from the work equipment. Inspection should include, where appropriate, visual checks, functional checks and testing.
148 You should ensure that the persons who determine the nature of the inspections required and who carry out inspections, are competent to do so.
149 The competent person should have the necessary knowledge and experience.
318 The examination scheme may be drawn up by the user, owner, manufacturer or some other independent party, provided they have the necessary competence.
319 The examination scheme drawn up by the competent person should identify and specify those parts of the lifting equipment that should be thoroughly examined.
320 The examination scheme should specify the intervals at which the lifting equipment (or individual parts thereof) should be thoroughly examined and, where appropriate, those parts that need to be tested.
321 Any examination scheme for lifting equipment should take account of:
(a) Its condition,
(b) The environment in which it is to be used, and
(c) The number of lifting operations and loads lifted.
322 The examination scheme need not necessarily be preserved in the form of a document. It should however be capable of being reproduced as a written copy when required. It should be secure from loss or unauthorised modification and it should be authenticated by the competent person preparing the scheme.
323 You should inform the competent person of any changes in use of the lifting equipment which may affect the examination scheme either:
(d) Where these changes have occurred since the last examination was carried out, or
(e) Are expected to occur before the next thorough examination is due.
324 The competent person should decide what changes may need to be made to the examination scheme.
325 Different items or parts of the lifting equipment may be thoroughly examined at different intervals, taking into account the degree of risk associated with each item or part.